In the 5th century before Christ, the creative spirit of Greece touched the new horizons of architecture, art, drama, literature, and philosophy, well shaping the Western Civilization, and influencing the culture of several other nations as well. Where art was on its new high with the then joy of living reflected through several tremendous sculptural pictorial delineations, architecture was reaching the depths of finesse technical soundness. The art of Greece in the initial 5th century is amazed by its famous Korai and Kouros sculptures, a landmark of the Archaic period. While Kouros portrayed nude males, the Korai sculptures, being the feminine counterparts of Kouros, were clothed.
The Korai were a case study for the development in dress as well as facial expressions. The Kouros, and on the other hand, reflected creative physical evolution in sculpting, and were therefore, observed more for their morphology. Approximately life size, except for a few, most Kouros were made of marble. They exhibited a strict anatomical symmetry with the aid of simple geometric forms. A standard format Following was the standing front pose with the left leg moved forward and arms close to the bodies, touching the sides of thighs. The Greek Art of the 5th century BC mainly manifests the creative journey from Archaic Period to the Classical one.
The sculptures created in the start of the 5th century embodied real people, as is evident from the sculptures of Harmodius and Aristogeition, in Athens, to mark the overthrow of oppression. The sculpting wonders testified as the first public monuments. Charioteer of Delphi is among the finest sculpting works of this period. The bronze cast statue dramatically represents the artistic transition from Archaic to Classical patterns, and the shift from stone marbles as art materials to bronze. Terracotta too was an occasional sculpting material like the statue of Zeus Ganymede, in Olympia. Another sculpting milestone, the bronze statue of Poseidon or Zeus, stands around 7 legs tall.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia, a 39 legs tall sculpture, by the sculptor Phidias, and placed in the temple of Zeus, Olympia, forms one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Sculpting as the 5th century Greek Art, counterbalanced the conventional geometric representation and idealized Realism. In fact, where these historic splendors incessantly enthralled its viewers, the Western Civilization took a forward leap, setting them as one of the creative foundations for the next millennia. Fifth century Greek artistry touched other creative wings too. The paintings of the artist Poligoto di Taso, and the meticulous and dignified wall painting, Minoan Art like The Symposium View in the Tomb of the Diver, in Paestum, are some brilliant examples.